Colon cancer, also referred to as colorectal cancer, is a fairly common type of cancer that forms in the large intestine. It is the result of an overgrowth of cells in the lower region of the colon. What begins as a cluster of non-cancerous cells in the last two or three inches of the larger intestine can quickly transform into cancerous cells. While in their non-cancerous stage, there are few, if any, symptoms. This is why regular screenings and tests are crucial in the fight to prevent this form of cancer.
Common Signs and Symptoms of Colon Cancer
The most common sign that you may be developing colorectal cancer is a sudden shift in bowel activity. Both constipation and diarrhea are potential symptoms. If such changes should occur and last for more than a month, than you should talk with your doctor immediately.
Other possible symptoms, such as bloody stool, stomach cramps and even weight loss, may occur. The number of symptoms, as well as their intensity, are determined by the size and exact location of the cancerous cells. Conditions vary from patient to patient, so it is important to report all symptoms to your doctor, no matter how minor they may seem.
How Age May Dictate Colon Cancer
Unfortunately, the chance of developing such a cancer increases with age. Gender also plays a role, as males are more likely than females to develop cancer in their large intestine. According to the SEER Cancer Statistics Review, men in their thirties have a .07% chance of developing cancer. That number rises every ten years with a 1.87% chance by age 70.
Though women in their thirties have a near identical chance of developing rectal cancer, their chances do not rise as drastically as they do for men. By age 60, the average female has a small .86% chance, while by age 70, that chance rises to 1.46%.
Colon Cancer Risks and Prevention
As mentioned above, age and gender are large factors in the development of bowel cancer. However, there are other potential risks that everyone should be aware of. For instance, race also plays a role, as black people have a higher risk of developing cancer than any other ethnic group. The risk is also higher for those with a family history of other unusual conditions, such as Lynch, Gardner and Turcot syndromes.
Diet and lifestyle play a large role in cancer prevention. It is believed that a diet that is high in vegetables and low in red meat will help to prevent cancer. The main reason for this is vitamins and minerals. Many people do not receive their daily requirement of healthy vitamins and minerals. A mineral supplement is a great way to lower your cancer risk and increase your overall wellbeing.
Colon Cancer Treatment
Cancer treatments have mostly remained the same for many years. The first plan is to remove the cancerous cells through surgery. However, not all cases are that simple. In more serious cases, chemotherapy, radiation or bio therapy may be your last resort.
If you or someone you know is suffering from colon cancer, just know that there is always hope. Though treatment will not be easy, many patients go on to live long, healthy lives. If you are not currently suffering from cancer, it is still highly recommended that you receive regular screenings. Early detection and preventative care are truly the best ways to fight all forms of cancer.
About Colon Cancer From Wikipedia:
The signs and symptoms of colorectal cancer depend on the location of the tumor in the bowel, and whether it has spread elsewhere in the body (metastasis). The classic warning signs include: worsening constipation, blood in the stool, decrease in stool caliber (thickness), loss of appetite, loss of weight, and nausea or vomiting in someone over 50 years old. While rectal bleeding or anemia are high-risk features in those over the age of 50, other commonly-described symptoms including weight loss and change in bowel habit are typically only concerning if associated with bleeding.